Publication Date

Summer 7-24-2017

Degree Name

MA in Sustainable Development

First Advisor

Suzanne Simon

Abstract

Gender equality and women's empowerment are both essential elements to peace and stability. These two elements are the core of the human rights understanding particularly women rights, as well as they are the key towards the effectiveness of peace sustainability. If war breaks out, the risk of violence in society, particularly against women, will greatly increase, and the chances of repeated conflict relapses will escalate. Women have frequently played a critical role in peacemaking processes; this is because women are often anxious to respond to their individual needs as the most affected population during a time of conflict. In certain context women have also contributed to creating war, people accuse women of inciting anger among their communities because women are often considered the main target for community indignation. In order to overcome these conflicting issues, it is vital to recognize women's significant contributions to both war and peace-building. In particular, it is important to acknowledge the need for women participation with the policy-makers involved in peace negotiations and stability processes. In this capstone paper, I review the literature on women's inclusion. I synthesize this information with the effective contributions of women in peace negotiations, specifically in Sudan, to conceptualize women inclusion achievements in peace and stability. I explore the necessity of garnering support from international organizations for women to play an impactful role in peacebuilding. I also explore the challenging political atmosphere internationally and how it might affect women’s achievements. Based on this review, I was able to document the impacts and the challenges that Sudanese women faced in the Sudan National Dialogue.

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