Degree Name

MA in Conflict Management

First Advisor

John Ungerleider


This research will analyze how mediation in the Nagorno Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan has or has not contributed to progress towards a resolution of the conflict. For this purpose, the paper will give the background of the conflict, and will relate develop¬ments that occurred before and after 1994, when a ceasefire was signed between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The conflict, now in its 21st year, has not reached an equitable solution because of differences of interests and motivations of internal and external actors.

This paper will examine mostly one type of international intervention – mediation. The research will explore the impact of external international actors as mediators between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorno Karabakh conflict. The ultimate goal is to estimate the effectiveness of the mediation and discern how third-party intervention has contributed to progress towards resolving the conflict. The research incorporates views of foreign and local experts that have had expe¬rience in the conflict at the level of the respective governments and other international governmental and non-governmental organizations. The negotiation process with the par¬tici¬pation of high-level officials from Armenia and Azerbaijan is not sufficient by itself for reaching reconciliation on a community level. The mediation through OSCE Minsk Group that is en¬gaged in the mediation should also involve NGO-level orga¬nizations and other sources for better results. This work can be a good tool for un¬der¬standing the motivation behind mediations and reasons for the prolongation of conflicts. Moreover, the points raised in the paper can be used to elaborate mediation strategies for other types of conflict by looking at the pros and cons of such levels of mediation.


Peace and Conflict Studies


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