A post-colonial theoretical perspective : the case of Belize

Degree Name

MA in International and Intercultural Management

First Advisor

Abdoul Diallo


Belize is a Central American and Caribbean country facing numerous challenges due to globalization. This paper focuses on post-independent Belize examining the struggle of an independent nation in the midst of globalization, realizing this is its greatest challenge. This paper developed from personal experience over the years working abroad, realizing that globalization must benefit countries rather than hinder their development. This research examines the experience of Belize in regards to colonialism, foreign aid, the role of the government as well as that of non-governmental organizations. Initially, a situational analysis provides the background and data to lay the premise for the study. Identifying a social and economic crisis in Belize by local statistics, interviews, and comparison, the paper demonstrated the need for an alternative post-colonial agenda. The conclusion presents a framework for basic ideas for the survival of Belize during globalization. It also relates a theoretical perspective of a current model of development where civil society takes a partnership role with government to ensure economic growth and social justice is accomplished. It then, explores the concept of civil society, particularly the role of non-governmental organizations within the developmental arena. The basic conclusion undermines any particular concentration on one theory, and proposes there be a convergence of theories to meet the needs of a very unique country. The post-colonial time period can be a crucial period for developing countries, in can if fact either destroy them or allow them to benefit the country and their people, especially during this period of globalization.

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