Remittance Based Livelihoods and Vulnerability Criteria: An Analysis of Humanitarian Food Security Programming in Secluded Pashtun Villages After South Asia’s 2005 Earthquake: The Case of Rashang Union Council

Degree Name

MA in Sustainable Development

First Advisor

Nikoi Kote-Nikoi


After implementing humanitarian assistance projects for a year and a half within a chronically food insecure area after the South Asia 2005 earthquake, it became apparent that two critical contextual details were widely misunderstood in Rashang Union Council, Batagram District, North West Frontier Province (NWFP), Pakistan that had negative effects on the food security programming decisions.

This capstone explores the issue of understanding remittance as a livelihood strategy in times of disasters and defining vulnerability groups in the context of a joint-family system within Rashang Union Council. The analysis based on research in the area prior to the earthquake, assessments and experience from the field during relief and rehabilitation projects, and critical papers from research institutes.


Growth and Development | Social Welfare

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