Degree Name

MA in Sustainable Development

First Advisor

Dr. Janaki Natarajan


In the current capitalist economic models, poverty and homelessness are an epidemic situation across the world. This research focused on the underlying causes of homelessness and poverty in India and the U.S., as well as developing suggestions to resolve the issues of homelessness in India. For this research I used literature reviews and interviews of the homeless; the interviews were conducted in Ahmedabad (India) and Brattleboro (U.S.). To analyze the data all the responses were entered into Excel format to discover patterns, themes and trends. The data was primarily qualitative in nature which led me to create three categories. According to these categories the responses were examined and results obtained. The results indicate that the Drop-In center type of agency makes a notable difference in the lives of the homeless. The interviewees in India were not at all satisfied with the government welfare programs and are not able to access it. In the case of the U.S interviewees the majority were not happy with government welfare programs pertaining to homelessness. Suggestions were stated in the last section of the paper; the government of India must implement specific programs that focus on the homeless population as well as support Drop-In center styles of organizations in all parts of the country. It is axiomatic that poverty and homelessness are the outcomes of the structural negligence of governments and societal insensitivity.


Civic and Community Engagement | Family, Life Course, and Society | Inequality and Stratification | Other Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Politics and Social Change | Social Welfare