Degree Name

MA in Sustainable Development

First Advisor

Amy Jersild


The greatest experts on the situation of the marginalized peoples of the world are the marginalized communities themselves. This paper explores how participatory monitoring & evaluation can be a powerful tool for giving voices to marginalized communities, ensuring that the voices of beneficiaries and local stakeholders are heard and inform sustainable project design. It analyzes a participatory monitoring and evaluation methodology implemented for women’s credit cooperatives in Gujarat, India by the Human Development & Research Centre, and examines lessons to be learned to design evaluations facilitating inclusive development.

Strategies for the monitoring and evaluation of microfinance have evolved along with the microfinance industry itself. The choice of the design of evaluation frameworks has shaped the learning process used to design subsequent microfinance interventions. If the purpose of microfinance is inclusive development, then the voices of marginalized peoples meant to benefit from it must be included as part of the evaluation of microfinance interventions.

Because of the complex and multifaceted nature of the issues that marginalized populations face, it is essential that international development reflect the perspectives of the people who are most intimately familiar with the intersection of these issues in a given local context: the local stakeholders themselves.


Accounting | Agricultural and Resource Economics | Business Administration, Management, and Operations | Civic and Community Engagement | Community-Based Research | Epistemology | Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies | Gender and Sexuality | Growth and Development | Inequality and Stratification | Insurance | Organization Development | Other Business | Other International and Area Studies | Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation | Politics and Social Change | Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies | Race and Ethnicity | Social and Cultural Anthropology | Social Welfare | South and Southeast Asian Languages and Societies | Teacher Education and Professional Development | Theory, Knowledge and Science


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