Degree Name

MA in International and Intercultural Management

First Advisor

Susal Stebbins-Collins


This qualitative research explores the traditional marine resource management system of sasi on Pulau Ay, Maluku, Indonesia and how it has been adapted under modern circumstances to promote conservation. The study was based on interviews with staff of the marine conservation NGO Coral Triangle Center (CTC) and the local Conservation Team, narratives of traditional leader elders, and focus groups with local fisherman. The first section of the findings articulates their perspectives on the historic and current situation regarding sasi and conservation on Pulau Ay. The study then utilizes The Interdependence of Ecosystem and Community Viability: A Theoretical Framework to Guide Research and Application (Michaelidou, 2002) and Cinner and Aswani’s (2007) model of hybrid resource management to analyze conservation strategies on Pulau Ay that promote local culture and community participation. Additionally, this study examines the function of the Coral Triangle Center as the lead civil society institution working toward conservation on Pulau Ay. One of the key conclusions is that the CTC provides an example of how marine conservation NGOs can facilitate a hybridization of traditional and modern management practices and rebuild cultural practices related to marine resource interactions to harness a community’s sense of ownership and enable viable conservation conditions. This research ultimately serves to illustrate how community and ecological viability are interdependent, making cultural sustainability and community participation key elements to ecosystem viability.


Environmental Studies | Social and Cultural Anthropology


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