Publication Date


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT)

First Advisor

Michael Jerald


This is a resource manual for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. Those teachers who should find the manual most useful are Peace Corps EFL teachers in host country secondary schools.

This manual is divided into two parts. The first part consists of seven chapters, the first six of which deal specifically with resources (teaching ideas, techniques and suggestions) for HOW to present, develop and reinforce Pronunciation, Grammar, Vocabulary, Reading, Writing and Conversation. There is an additional chapter on games as techniques for reviewing the language skills already taught.

The second part of the manual, the appendices, contains information pertaining to the language itself. Each appendix presents information in one of the skill areas mentioned above. The appendices are arranged to follow the same sequence as the first six chapters. Therefore, the first two appendices contain linguistic information pertaining to pronunciation, the next six appendices contain information pertinent to the teaching of grammar, etc. The last five appendices are miscellaneous resources for the EFL teacher.

For those EFL teachers who have the leeway to write/develop their own teaching materials, Appendix U contains an excellent article by Brenda Gates on the development of EFL materials that relate to students' everyday lives and futures, with mini-lesson examples of how to make a dialogue on grain storage, for example, interesting rather than pedantic. The article demonstrates effectively how to make lessons reflect the concept of appropriate technology, and why it is important. Appendix V contains a list of the manuals and reprints currently available through Washington D.C. for those volunteers who went to develop lessons and classes focused on basic human needs.


Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education | Curriculum and Instruction | Phonetics and Phonology | Semantics and Pragmatics | Teacher Education and Professional Development