Publication Date


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT)

First Advisor

Bonnie Mennell


In this paper I propose a way of using rods in teaching ESOL that is consistent with my personal assumptions about teaching and learning. It is written for teachers with no or little previous experience working with rods.

The introduction of the paper tells of my own start in working with rods and why I feel rods to be an exciting and important learning tool. Next there is a step-by-step analysis of the application of rods in teaching the present, past, future, and perfect verb tenses. Finally I address ways of using rods to generate stories, with rods representing all or part of the people, places and events in them.


Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education | Syntax | Teacher Education and Professional Development