Publication Date


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT)

First Advisor

Claire Stanley


This paper focuses on two aspects of Foreign Language (FL) or Second Language (SL) teaching and learning that will help students become more comfortable with the use of the target language (TL), subsequently helping them to speak it with some degree of fluency: 1. setting the stage for spontaneous discourse and 2. allowing for more student-centered orality in the classroom. The first chapter includes a list of suggested activities that can be used to elicit from students spontaneous, unrehearsed use of the TL. The second chapter, explains how some of the activities in several different texts can be executed to maximize the amount of time students are actually speaking the TL during a class session. Additionally, other creative ideas for working almost exclusively in the target language are shared. Adaptations of two stories from the book Cuentos de Eva Luna are included ready for use. In the conclusion, several questions are posed that teachers, conscious of the need for more orality in the classroom, should keep in mind as they prepare their daily lesson plans.


Curriculum and Instruction | First and Second Language Acquisition