Publication Date


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT)


The question of why some learners acquire a second language more quickly than others has long been a problem for language teachers. Even when students seem basically equal in terms of opportunity and intelligence, progress can vary greatly. Variations in the language learning strategies students employ could explain why some students do better than others. Students can profitably explore the areas of language learning strategies to become more aware and successful learners. This paper begins by defining language learning strategies as the tools learners use to plan, monitor, and evaluate their own learning and to make that learning more efficient. Different types of strategies are then presented, together with their characteristics and classification. The final section deals with the questions of how learning strategies should be taught.


Cognition and Perception | First and Second Language Acquisition | Teacher Education and Professional Development