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Bowdoin College

Publication Date

Fall 2013

Program Name

Tanzania-Zanzibar: Coastal Ecology and Natural Resource Management


A 19-day study was conducted to determine how access to farming land in Mjini Ole and Kangagani, Pemba and how access to land in the Wandani Quarry differ according to gender. Interviews, focus group discussions and observations were carried out to determine the divisions of labor within the shambas of Mjini Ole and Kangagani; the divisions of labor within the Wandani Quarry; the institutions, social norms, and cultural traditions that institute and influence these divisions of labor; how these divisions of labor effect access to resources within the shambas and quarry; and how increased competition for land with increasing population affects women differently from men. It was found that within the study areas, there are many ways in which women have less access to land compared to men because of a number of reasons and there are several ways in which gender equality with respect to access is more present in the study areas compared to other studies and study areas. It was also found that increased competition for land will most likely affect women more greatly than men.


Community-Based Research | Family, Life Course, and Society | Gender and Sexuality | Inequality and Stratification | Natural Resources Management and Policy | Politics and Social Change


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