Master of Arts (MA)
Before the 1960's career women were relatively rare. Women were expected to devote their lives to homemaking and child-rearing. They were not expected to be educated or groomed for careers, or to fill leadership roles in government, politics or the professions. In fact, women were almost never considered promotable.
Although many doors have now been opened for women, they still have a long way to go before they achieve equality in opportunity, treatment, pay and promotion. Many traditional attitudes and practices still constitute barriers to women's careers, and a backlash to women's advancement became evident during the 1980s.
Kaylor, Gayle C., "The Glass Ceiling and Women in Academia: A Study of the Barriers that Affect Women's Career Advancement and Upward Mobility at the University of the Western Cape in South Africa" (1996). Capstone Collection. 1184.