Implementing HIV/AIDS education : a case study at the high school level in southern rural India

First Advisor

Claire Halverson


The primary aim of this study is to develop guidelines that can be used to introduce HIV/AIDS education to high school students in southern rural areas in India. During the 2003-2004 academic year, the Karnataka State AIDS Prevention Society mandated that all high schools in the state implement an HIV/AIDS workshop formulated by the Karnataka state government. My research question examined: What are guidelines to effectively implement HIV/AIDS education at the high school level in southern rural India? To gather evidence, a qualitative case study was conducted which included fifteen in-depth, open-ended interviews, field notes and observations, document analysis, and an extensive literature review. After data collection was complete, the interviews were examined using a tool called an Affinity Diagram. Subsequently, the data was cross-referenced through of process of triangulation in which relevant patterns and themes emerged. The findings revealed that HIV/AIDS education in southern rural India is a culturally-loaded topic requiring sensitive and site-specific instruction for effective awareness education. Several guidelines were developed to facilitate HIV/AIDS education in this region. Guidelines included: adequate teacher training, thorough program planning, incorporation of small class size, separation of boys and girls, and comprehensive HIV/AIDS education. Additionally, as a result of HIV/AIDS education, students' self-efficacy regarding HIV/AIDS prevention behaviors should increase.

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