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Emory University

Publication Date

Fall 2015

Program Name

India: Public Health, Policy Advocacy, and Community

Abstract

Tuberculosis, the worlds most deadly infectious disease, remains as one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in modern-day India. The country has the highest burden of both tuberculosis as well as multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, a more recently emerging menace. This study focuses on the social determinants of health pertaining to tuberculosis, identifying and discussing “at-risk” groups in the population of urban Rajasthan. Jaipur was chosen as the field study location because of the city’s extensive levels of healthcare institutions and facilities. In order to identify common patient demographics as well as issues regarding treatment adherence, medical records and interviews were taken from patients at the Chest and TB Hospital (SMS Medical College). The data was then analyzed from both qualitative and quantitative perspectives. A wide array of healthcare professionals were also interviewed in order to gain an auxiliary understanding of patient demographics, as well as to identify factors that contribute to high endemic levels of tuberculosis and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. The researcher hoped to further address how current government legislation and policies can take these issues into consideration in order to effectively continue the battle against tuberculosis in India.

Disciplines

Bacterial Infections and Mycoses | Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Health Services Research | Public Health

 

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