Degree Name

MA in Sustainable Development

First Advisor

Nikoi Kote-Nikoi


Throughout Latin America, economic development has been significantly influenced by multinational corporations’ production of agricultural commodities. The creation of jobs and infrastructure has at times been accompanied by contamination of the environment and labor rights abuses. As a result, we are seeing communities and organizations demanding reparation for past business practices and demanding government support in creating healthier communities. This paper focuses on former banana plantation workers in Nicaragua who seek to receive compensation from the Dole Food Company and other multinational corporations for their role in the distribution and use of Nemagón, a highly toxic pesticide, on the banana plantations in the 1970s. The paper focuses on several factions of the broader ex-banana worker movement, and examines their individual strategies and effectiveness in reaching their goals. It begins with a history of the development of this campaign, and concludes with lessons that similar advocacy campaigns may consider in light of the successes and failures of the Nicaraguan’s movement.


Politics and Social Change


Image Location