Changes and challenges : the impact of the urban economic transformation on the rural communities in South India (on the example of Bangalore, Karnataka)

Degree Name

MA in International and Intercultural Management

First Advisor

Janaki Natarajan


Nowadays the trend within capitalist thinking is to praise globalization and modernization processes that create uniformity as if they were sufficient to create wealth and equity for all. At the same time the issue of the rise in inequality and social exclusion, which globalized economy appears to originate and exacerbate in many ways, is intricate and hard to combat. It is manifested globally in the widening gap between the center (the countries in the North) and the periphery (the countries in the South). These themes of differentiation are decisive and have the most dramatic effects among the population of the latter. The current paper is about the manifestations of the inequalities and social exclusion among upper, middle and lower class population in the dimenions of Bangalore, one of the most fast-growing cities in South India, and its rural outskirts. The research stating the following question "What does economic development of Bangalore really generate for the representatives of various classes in its urban and rural parts?" recognized that 'uneven development' in the city creates accumulation of capital for a few meaning bitter struggles for many. Particularly the author has sought to demonstrate the level of qualitative differences among the population of two interconnected parts of Bangalore: Urban and Rural. The stories of personal experiences of the upper, middle and lower class Bangaloreans interviewed were used to measure the effect of economic transformations in the city on their own lives and the lives of their family members.

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