Degree Name

MA in Sustainable Development

First Advisor

Nikoi Kote-Nikio


For over 30 years, UXO (Unexploded Ordnance) contamination in Laos has affected the ability of the population to maintain suitable livelihoods in a number of provinces. This constraint is a significant challenge to community development as well affecting National Social Economic Development. UXOs are the cause of many accidents in Laos, the casualties are often children and farmers who are involve in agricultural activities and scrap metal collection.

UXO-LAOS is the key UXO clearance agency in Laos. Other UXO clearance agencies have also tried to address the problem by providing the clearance work as well as Mine Risk Education (MRE) activities in order to reduce the casualties and increase access to safe farmland.

The research found that the children have changed behavior towards the risk of UXOs to a greater extent than adults in terms of practicing the advice given during MRE when they encounter UXOs. MRE has had a very positive impact in communities. However, it needs considerable integration with the UXO clearance work as well as livelihood improvement activities in order to help MRE maintain a significant effect and long-lasting impact on attitudes towards UXOs at the community level.


Civic and Community Engagement | Family, Life Course, and Society | Inequality and Stratification | Public Affairs