Degree Name

MA in Sustainable Development

First Advisor

Prof. Davina Durgana

Second Advisor

Prof. Amy Jersild


The purpose of this research is to find out how Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) can be measured, with a focus on affordable housing. TOD is characterized by higher density, mixed use and compact development within a walking distance from a transit station (ITDP, 2015). More specifically, this method of development includes: residential, commercial, retail, and recreational space, and is designed to create connections between transit, bicycles, and pedestrians as it radiates within a quarter to half a mile walking distance from its anchoring rail station (Ibid). However, like any other successful urban development initiative, TOD projects tend to cause an increase in land value leading to gentrification and displacement. As a result, prioritizing social equity as a key component of TOD implementation is an essential pathway for achieving equitable solutions to such projects. This in turn enhances the resiliency, safety, and inclusivity of cities as stated in goal 11 of the Sustainable Development Goals by the United Nations. This paper therefore conducts research on monitoring and evaluating affordable housing as an equitable aspect of TOD in hopes of developing a monitoring and evaluation framework that can be applied by multiple organizations that possess an interest in measuring the impact of TOD projects.