Embargo Period


Degree Name

MA in Intercultural Service, Leadership, and Management

First Advisor

Dr. Bruce Dayton


Emergency Management programs at National Nuclear Security Administration facilities are governed by federal policy directive Department of Energy Order 151.1D, Comprehensive Emergency Management System. The prescriptions within the Order are often at odds with industry-standard frameworks and vocabularies established by the Department of Homeland Security. Boleman and Deal’s Four Frame Model offers the tenets of the Political, Structural, Human Resource, and Symbolic lens perspectives to clarify the nature of disparate programs precipitant from disparate agency policies. This project utilizes a Phenomenological Interpretivist Framework for qualitative research to triangulate data across textual analyses, public perception, and practitioner experience, thus identifying how Emergency Managers might successfully interpret the Order to develop Department of Energy programs at the human scale. Findings reveal an imperfect policy crafted by specialists, reliant on atypical definitions that fail to align human need with the skillsets demanded of practitioners who must collaborate with their offsite counterparts in a technical language. Practitioner input and whole-community feedback might inform the future revision of Order 151.1D, and supporting texts, to emphasize human scale implementation through adoption of a lingua franca and a nurturing of the Culture of Emergency Preparedness. Boleman and Deal’s Human Resource Frame allows practitioners to align mission deliverables with emergency response functions.


Defense and Security Studies | Emergency and Disaster Management | Leadership Studies | Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation | Policy History, Theory, and Methods