Embargo Period


Degree Name

MA in Climate Change and Global Sustainability

First Advisor

Dr. Raed Al-Tabini


The looming climate change crisis requires research and development of mitigation strategies to protect those most vulnerable. This study uses semi-structured interviews to capture the refugee perspective of the successes and shortcomings of large-scale solar farm projects installed at the Azraq and Za’atari Syrian refugee camps in the west and north of Jordan, respectively. These perspectives may be utilized to improve each camp's current renewable energy distribution system. Results suggest that at both camps the current renewable energy systems are deeply flawed with limited hours with rampant distrust among camp residents in the management of the solar farms. Most refugees demand individual accountability through energy sensors on each caravan or personal home solar panel systems. Women, students, and those afflicted with illnesses are the most impacted by the energy limitations but all refugees face difficulties that are exacerbated by the region’s increasing temperatures which are linked to climate change. The two camps are quite different, both in historical development and modern management. However, the results for each camp were similar. This suggests that individual accountability may be effective at refugee camps globally once adjusted to the context-specific challenges. Azraq and Za’atari serve as case studies to inform future research on solar energy systems in temporary settlements to prepare for the imminent climate refugee crisis.


Development Studies | Environmental Studies | Near and Middle Eastern Studies | Oil, Gas, and Energy | Science and Technology Studies | Sustainability


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