International practitioners can help in a peace process, including the role of helping to fortify the international community. This research poses three main questions: (1) How was Nepal’s peace process initiated; (2) Why was it successful; and (3) What made this peace process different from other broadly defined peace processes. It seeks to answer these questions by reviewing related literature and conducting formal interviews. In order to obtain a wide perspective of responses in the data collection process, I interviewed individuals from diverse backgrounds. These individuals are affiliated with and active in their respective fields and connected to the field of peace building. Moreover, respondents came from communities who have been formally and informally involved in the peace process, on both sides of the conflict. This research found that the structured violence could no longer continue in its current state, and further, that the State and the people could resist destruction and mass violence of human rights. In addition, neither the monarchical nor the autocratic regime could continue to exist in this modern world. If stakeholders could be given a comprehensible roadmap to peace, then lay the foundation to go forward with it through a non-violent way that included the needs of the majority of the people, the result would lead towards peace. This paper describes various aspects of the decade-long Maoist conflict in Nepal by providing a detailed chronology of the various stages of the conflict and offering a detailed explanation of its related peace process. It assesses different efforts undertaken in Nepal in the past, both domestically and internationally, and their impact on establishing a lasting peace. In the end, it provides lessons learned from a successful peace process and some reliable recommendations, both of which can help in addressing the challenges of promoting reconciliation and forgiveness among the Nepalese people. Furthermore, it describes some of the challenges unique to Nepal’s peace process.


Peace and Conflict Studies