I worked for Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) as a rural community development worker for a rural development project in Barru District, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia from 1997 through 2000. Rural community development workers of JICA implemented water supply projects in five villages by utilizing popular participation. However, the sustainability of the projects was questioned by a civil engineering expert who did not trust the villagers' "limited" and "unreliable" technology. The purpose of this study is to find the relationship between popular participation and sustainability of development projects by answering the question, "How does popular participation lead to increased sustainability of rural water supply projects?"

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Figures & Appendices.xls