Degree Name

MA in Sustainable Development

First Advisor

Alfredo Varela


The following research paper addresses UNICEF’s effort to implement the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Ghana. Specifically it focuses on efforts to implement Article 24 of the Convention and how it relates to improving healthcare for Ghanaian children under the age of 5.

The main question of this research was: How is UNICEF supporting implementation of Article 24 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Ghana to improve healthcare for children under the age of 5? In addition there were several sub questions addressed in this research. These include: What is the history of the CRC in Ghana and what progress can be seen in basic health indicators for Under-5s since ratification of the CRC? There is also a brief discussion of other relevant international movements.

I conducted my research through a Case Study by reviewing current documents from UNICEF, UNHCR and OHCHR as well as other relevant sources including books and documents that have been produced regarding global health and the state of healthcare for children in Ghana. While reviewing this documentation it was important to keep in mind the framework, of UNICEF’s “Rights-Based” approach to analyze progress indicators and current in country programming as well as to address the theory of the universality of human rights.

This paper will be applicable to those hoping to work at the field level in the health sector in Ghana as well as the West Africa region. It will also be helpful for those who are currently working with UNICEF on the CRC and those who wish to work in a similar capacity in the future. This paper looks at what has been accomplished and what can be strived for in the future (specifically related to healthcare guidelines drawn out in the Convention). It also provides a foundation for additional research on the implementation of the Convention in Ghana.


International Public Health | Maternal and Child Health | Public Health | Public Health Education and Promotion


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