This paper will explore Japanese culture and society in order to uncover what prevents students from being seen as "different" and therefore appropriately diagnosed if they have a learning disability. Surveys were hand delivered to teachers at four high schools of varying academic levels in one prefecture. Observations were made at the Miharashidai School for LD, AD/HD, autistic, and mentally retarded students located in a suburb of Nagoya. In addition, interviews were arranged with educators, doctors, and other specialists both in Japan and the United States. This paper covers the following topics: Overview of learning disabilities in Japan, attitudes toward difference and non-conformity in Japan, awareness of learning disabilities in Japan, and current issues regarding diagnosing learning disabilities. Easy to understand charts present the data gathered from the teachers who responded to the survey. The charts and other information within this paper show a long road ahead in terms of improving teacher education about learning disabilities and tolerance of "differences".