Home Institution

University of Southern California

Publication Date

Fall 2011

Program Name

Kenya: Islam and Swahili Cultural Identity


This paper presents a report of the findings from a four-week study on the varying perspectives towards Kwale International Sugar Co. Ltd. which have brought about problems concerning land, development, and politics. It discusses findings fromliterary sources and field work, including correspondence, interviews, forums, and focus group discussions with government representatives, company managers, and community members. It highlights where recorded information is inconsistent, making it difficult for the people and company to coexist. Additionally, it describes how the community’s grievances developed and critiques the various actors and actions that are responsible. Lastly, it provides recommendations to a way forward towards cooperation and development.


Agricultural and Resource Economics | Civic and Community Engagement | Growth and Development | Inequality and Stratification | Natural Resources Management and Policy | Sustainability