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Skidmore College

Publication Date

Fall 2012

Program Name

India: Sustainable Development and Social Change


Education for girls in India has been a crucial area of study for the past 20 years; however, the main focus of attention has been on issues of girls’ access to school only. This study moves beyond this, seeking to gain critical insight into how ‘gender’ is being understood within the classroom via teachers. Teachers’ trainings conducted by the government and by Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) were examined through interviews with teachers and coordinators of teachers’ trainings, along with experts on gender and feminism in Delhi and Jaipur, Rajasthan. These interviews focused on the content and quality of teachers’ trainings, and their effects on teachers’ attitudes towards teaching, perception of ‘gender,’ and understanding of self-identity. Study results show that government-run teachers’ trainings are ineffective in creating a full understanding of ‘gender,’ and that much can be learned from trainings like those conducted by NGOs in expanding the discourse on gender to include feminist insights, and in creating teachers that are empowered, informed, self-aware citizens.


Education | Educational Sociology | Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies | Gender and Sexuality | Inequality and Stratification | Social and Cultural Anthropology | Social and Philosophical Foundations of Education