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Middlebury College

Publication Date

Spring 2013

Program Name

Tanzania: Zanzibar: Coastal Ecology and Natural Resource Management


Pemba Island, a member of the Zanzibar archipelago, is intimately connected and highly dependent on their natural resources, which are rapidly deteriorating. How to sustain their agrarian-based economy whilst also conserving the environment is the current challenge facing this island. Key to overcoming this dilemma is the development of knowledgeable and effective environmental organizations, such as environmental clubs and NGOs. A small-scale assessment of the environmental education (EE) and associated clubs was established primarily through a student survey, on-site visits, and interviews. It focuses primarily on evaluating three schools and their associated clubs, but also provides information on the Island’s two prominent environmental NGOs. Results indicate that there is inconsistent and under quality EE in schools and that the clubs are not as effective as they should be. This lack of progress is likely due to the limited role of students, poor club administrative structure, lack of creativity and shortage of resources. In order for these clubs to have a greater impact they need to re-allocate club responsibilities to the students, internally restructure, form solid connections with outside sources (NGOs), and diversify their activities. These adjustments will enable clubs to be more effective in educating and engaging both students and community on environmental conservation.


Environmental Sciences | Growth and Development | Natural Resource Economics | Natural Resources Management and Policy | Sustainability


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