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Franklin College Switzerland

Publication Date

Spring 2013

Program Name

Uganda: Post-Conflict Transformation


Endemic land insecurity is a critical aspect of the negative peace presently felt by the Acoli sub-region in the wake of two decades of conflict,2 as well over two thousand instances of land disputes have been recorded in the region since the cessation of hostilities in 2006.3 This study examines the dynamics of land conflicts in Nwoya district, Northern Uganda. The research was conducted over four weeks of independent research in Nwoya district, and incorporates the perspectives of various actors involved in land conflicts and the dispute resolution process. Findings incorporate field-based information gathered primarily from interviews with key stakeholders, focus group discussions, and participant observation of six mediations in different Sub-counties of the district, though some secondary sources were included to provide context. This report endeavors to argue the following: 1) That Nwoya district faces unique challenges surrounding land, and that it is likely to be lit as the next turbulent stage for land conflicts; 2) That Acoli traditional customs and the recent cultural cataclysm resultant from internment in IDP camps have had a notable impact on the land conflict resolution process; 3) That ADR has the potential to be a strong force for land conflict justice and mitigation, but that it is currently undermined by distinct weaknesses; and 4) That the lack of standards and extensive corruption make the justice system essentially moribund in its current state. Based on these findings, this report concludes with recommendations intended to inform and improve the currently operating land conflict resolution and adjudication mechanisms, in order to better protect the land rights of vulnerable parties in Nwoya district.


Growth and Development | Natural Resources Management and Policy | Peace and Conflict Studies | Public Affairs


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