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Point Loma Nazarene University

Publication Date

Fall 2007

Program Name

France: Cultural Integration and the New Europe


Struck by the overwhelming debate and cultural emphasis on the issue of immigration in French society, I decided to explore the complex relationship between the non-profit organizations that give social services to various immigrant communities and the government. Through eight interviews with non-profits, government agencies, and political organizations, I concluded that the non-profits compensate for the faults of the French government by more accurately addressing the social issue of immigration. Beyond the non-profits, though, it is civil society in general that has the legitimacy of discourse over the State through its championship of universal rights and international integration. The paradox that we are left with is how to incorporate universal rights into national laws and maintain a system of social welfare if all people have the right to be immigrants.


Social Welfare


Article Location