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Macalester College

Publication Date

Spring 2013

Program Name

Netherlands: International Perspectives on Sexuality and Gender


This study investigates the different socio-political causes leading to the implementation of similar abortion restrictions (mandatory parental notification for minors, mandatory counseling, and a waiting period) in the Netherlands and the United States. It first investigates the “abortion cultures” of the two countries, using personal interviews with Dutch and American citizens to analyze the social perceptions of abortion and a comparison of sexual health and legislation data to create a wider picture of abortion within both countries. It then investigates the political opportunity structure leading to the implementation of the restrictions of abortion in each country, and then investigates differences in implementation and effect of the restrictions in both countries. Ultimately, the study concludes that a distinction between prevention-based and punishment-based restriction is necessary in the “counseling model” of abortion.


Health Services Research | Maternal and Child Health | Obstetrics and Gynecology | Women's Health


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