Home Institution

University of Denver

Publication Date

Fall 2014

Program Name

Tanzania: Wildlife Conservation and Political Ecology


The purpose of this study was to examine the issues with sanitation and clean water in Ushongo Mtoni Village and then use these findings to determine weather Ushongo Mtoni meets the 2014 World Health Organizations target goals for sanitation and clean water: eliminate open defecation; achieve universal access to basic drinking water, sanitation and hygiene for households. This study was conducted in Ushongo Mtoni, Tanzania, between the dates of November 10th to 24th 2014. Interviews were conducted using non-random sampling through formal and non-formal interviews with participants chosen by my translator, Shaban. Sample frame was the villagers of Ushongo Mtoni, and sample population was 1) the mamas and babas (Heads of Household); 2) 4 members of the Village Government including the village chairman, development officer, and environmental officer; and 3) a health care doctor. My total sample population was 85 individuals: 65 individuals and 20 individuals within focal groups. My findings revealed that the village environment was not clean, lacked enough toilets, and the villagers did not have access to clean water. The village has not met the WHO target goals: eliminate open defecation; achieve universal access to basic drinking water, and sanitation and hygiene for households.


Natural Resources and Conservation | Natural Resources Management and Policy | Sustainability | Water Resource Management


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