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Macalester College

Publication Date

Fall 2014

Program Name

Morocco: Migration and Transnational Identity


Morocco unique geography has made the country vulnerable to climate-induced migration (CIM) for three reasons. First, Moroccois located in a region identified as the highest vulnerability to climate change (IPCC, 2014). Second, Morocco’s economy remains dependent on natural resources due to a history of neo-liberal development and agriculture policies (Davis, 2006). These policies’ failure to diversify and develop the economy in rural regions has made Morocco the most geographically inequitable country in the MENA region (World Bank). Lastly, located just 14 km from Spain, Morocco has a 50-year history of migrating to Europe for work and opportunity (Eddouada, 2014). This paper (1) explores the causes of future migration and exodus from rural areas in Morocco. (2) Analyzes the present implementation of sustainable development in Morocco and its’ ability to mitigate both climate change and CIM using interviews and participant observation. (3) This study’s findings identify shortcomings in both governmental and non-governmental approaches and provider recommendations for the improvement of development projects in rural Morocco.


African Studies | Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment | Environmental Sciences | Human Geography | Natural Resources Management and Policy | Political Science | Sustainability


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