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Brown University

Publication Date

Fall 2015

Program Name

Morocco: Migration and Transnational Identity


This independent study project will explore how participation in the economy benefits women in more ways than just economically. Using the example of five cooperatives functioning in the Moroccan Rif, this paper will investigate how access to the economy not only provides women with supplemental income but also allows them to leave the home and build networks within their communities. These examples will illustrate how illiterate, rural women, who would usually be seen as powerless in the public eye, are taking advantage of the trainings, income and communities they gain from their participation in cooperatives to claim independence and prove their competencies. Through entering the economy and building networks women are not only reaping benefits but also actively forging a space for themselves within the public sphere, a space typically dominated by men in Morocco. It is in the public sphere that the benefits of joining a cooperative truly come together allowing women to become a part of the daily interactions that influence social and political change in their country.


Economics | Family, Life Course, and Society | Growth and Development | Inequality and Stratification | Politics and Social Change | Rural Sociology | Women's Studies