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Colgate University & Tufts University

Publication Date

Spring 2016


This study investigated the growth of the kitesurfing industry in Paje, Unguja, Zanzibar in relation to its social, economic, and environmental impacts on the community. Prior research has noted that the increase in unregulated kitesurfing tourism in the intertidal zone in Paje has led to conflicts between various stakeholder groups— including seaweed farmers, fishermen, the tourist industry, tourists, and community members. This research aimed to promote a better understanding amongst all actors regarding aspects in which the kitesurfing industry can continue to benefit those involved while ensuring that the rights and livelihoods of the locals are upheld. In order to do so, a diverse array of research methods including focus groups, formal interviews, informal interviews, and nonparticipant observation involving several stakeholder groups were employed. In addition, reviews of local as well as national policies and laws were conducted. It was concluded that the intertidal zone of Paje village lacks adequate management thus contributing to mounting sources of tension between the stakeholder groups that were studied. Thus, it is recommended that efforts be made to involve the community as well as stakeholder groups in order to create an integrated coastal management plan. In doing so, there is the potential to create sustainable and mutually beneficial relationships between the kitesurfing industry and all involved parties in Paje that are vital to mitigating conflict and ensuring equitable use of Paje’s intertidal zone in the future.


Environmental Health and Protection | Place and Environment | Political Science | Tourism


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