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Scripps College

Publication Date

Fall 2016

Program Name

Ecuador: Comparative Ecology and Conservation


Many variables affect hummingbird visitation to flowers, including nectar concentration, time of day, corolla length and other aspects of flower morphology, and elevation. Nectar concentration was measured from flowers of three Ecuadorian subtropical montane species: Guzmania jaramilloi, Gasteranthus quitensis, and Besleria solanoides. Concentration values were compared across varying times of day, corolla lengths, and elevations to determine the effects of these variables on flower nectar concentration. Camera traps were also used to observe hummingbird visitation to the above three flower species. After running regression and ANOVA analyses, nectar concentration was found to be positively correlated with time of day, negatively correlated with corolla length, and negatively correlated with elevation. Additionally, both flower morphology and elevation were determined to affect the species of hummingbirds that visited each flower species.


Animal Studies | Community-Based Research | Environmental Studies | Latin American Studies | Life Sciences | Plant Biology | Plant Sciences


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