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University of Texas at Austin

Publication Date

Fall 2016

Program Name

India: Public Health, Policy Advocacy, and Community


Despite their long history in India, transgenders continue being pushed aside depriving them of their basic needs, human rights, and their right to health. The present study aims to discuss the current health issues and factors affecting the health outcomes of the transgender community. This was accomplished through an investigation of social, economical, and political exclusions and behavioral patterns impacting and affecting health outcomes in the transgender (TG) community. The study was completed in Bangalore, Karnataka under the guidance of Swatantra, a rights-based organization seeking to empower the transgender working-class through the access to rights, education, employment, family acceptance, and leadership. In order to gain a further understanding on the transgenders conditions, interviews conducted sought to cover all stakeholders’ perspectives including transgenders, NGO representatives, and medical professionals. It was found that health outcomes in the community are strongly influenced by external internal factors. Patterns of social, economical, and political exclusion negative affected transgenders increasing their vulnerability and thus increasing health risks that consequently affected their health outcomes.


Asian Studies | Gender and Sexuality | Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Studies | Public Policy | Social Policy | Sociology of Culture


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