Home Institution

Occidental College

Publication Date

Spring 2017

Program Name

Indonesia: Arts, Religion, and Social Change


Indonesia’s education system was developed with the construction of the Indonesian as a cohesive people in mind. In doing so, the system adopted the practice of mandatory religious education as a means of developing the character of the Indonesian student through religion, a component imperative to the nation’s statehood. In the years and decades following, the education system, and subsequently its program of religious education, has been reformed and changed many times. This research attempts to look at how and why this changed system has struggled to implement these changes in the classroom, and why pluralism has been included in theory but not in practice in the education system specific to Bali.


Asian Studies | Educational Leadership | Education Policy | Politics and Social Change | Religion | Social and Cultural Anthropology | Social and Philosophical Foundations of Education | Sociology of Religion


Article Location