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The George Washington University

Publication Date

Summer 2018

Program Name

Senegal: Global Security and Religious Pluralism


This study examined framing strategies of protest movements in Dakar Senegal, particularly those focused on issues of foreign exploitation. Two major groups were surveyed, FRAPP and Cos M23, with interview notes and transcripts forming the basis of frame analysis. The findings showed that Cos M23 utilized a narrow frame that focused on linking certain sets of behaviors to being a good citizen, while FRAPP created a larger discursive framework in which diagnostic, prognostic, and motivational framing strategies were present in order to both link France and western imperialism to issues as well as induce the general public to take actions against those diagnosed issues. These findings provide valuable non-western insight on framing strategies and help provide data on domestic civil society activism in Senegal.


African History | African Languages and Societies | African Studies | Political History | Politics and Social Change | Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies


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