Home Institution

University of Virginia

Publication Date

Fall 2018

Program Name

Indonesia: Religion, Art and Social Change


With the fourth highest population and an ever-growing rate of plastic consumption, Indonesia is the second largest plastic polluter in the world (McCarthy, 2018). The country, which has only had plastic since the latter half of the 20th century, has staggeringly high rates of plastic waste which becomes pollution due to various factors. This paper examines the factors that go into why the rates of plastic pollution are so high, what people know about it and what is being done to help combat the problem. The four main topics explored are: laws, disposal methods, education and tourism. The study uses interviews, firsthand observation and secondary literary sources to collect information. The findings reveal that laws do exist to regulate plastic pollution, but are not enforced; disposal is mainly burning, burying and dumping; most people are not educated on the topic of plastic pollution in schools and otherwise; and tourism does not affect the rates of plastic pollution much. It is also revealed that changes in all areas of study are imminent due to new regulations and laws that are currently being developed and implemented. Further study is suggested on these new laws in order to determine the future of Indonesia’s plastic problem.


Asian Studies | Environmental Studies | South and Southeast Asian Languages and Societies


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