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Pace University

Publication Date

Spring 2019

Program Name

Rwanda: Post-Genocide Restoration and Peacebuilding


Women tend to be victims during times of violence. Due to this the breadth of research on women who perpetrate violence is limited. Due to stereotypes women are more often than not seen as peace makers and nurturers, which ignores the fact that women have just as much capability as men to inflict violence. During the Genocide against the Tutsi in Rwanda, average citizens, including women, became perpetrators of genocide. As this genocide only occurred in 1994 research on the reintegration of perpetrators is limited. This paper asks the question how are women perpetrators of Genocide being reintegrated into society? Further, how does the community’s perception of women perpetrators influence reintegration?

This study relies on ethnography and interviews. Prior to formally beginning research I spent three months in Rwanda observing the culture and studying the Genocide and peacebuilding process. I interviewed survivors and perpetrators to get their perspectives on reintegration. I also interviewed a member of a government organization to better understand how the Rwandan government is promoting on reintegration. Further research should be done on this topic in following years, as reintegration progresses.


African Languages and Societies | African Studies | Applied Behavior Analysis | Politics and Social Change | Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies | Social and Cultural Anthropology | Women's Studies


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