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Williams College

Publication Date

Spring 2020

Program Name

Argentina: Social Movements and Human Rights


This paper analyzes the effects of the hegemonic food system on low income consumers in Salta, Argentina. Results from previous literature indicate a relationship between the dominant agroindustrial model in Argentina and the concentration of power in the food production system. This paper seeks to contextualize the reports of malnutrition in Salta, a province in northwest Argentina, within larger social, cultural, and nutritional trends. To answer the question of how the hegemonic food system affects access to safe, healthy, and affordable food in Salta, I analyzed reports of various health outcomes (including malnutrition, cancer, birth defects, and obesity) and contextualized them using both national and local economic policies. Relying heavily on an understanding of the fight for food sovereignty, I conclude that the dominant agroindustrial model, and the hegemonic food system it creates, are detrimental to the long term viability of low income communities in northwest Argentina. The agroindustrial model is a product of the Washington Consensus and the neoliberal order's power over the global south, and this paper has implications for understanding how this intervention has failed many Argentines.


Agricultural and Resource Economics | Agricultural Economics | Economics | Food Security | Food Studies | Inequality and Stratification | International and Community Nutrition | Latin American Languages and Societies | Politics and Social Change


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