Home Institution

Colorado State University

Publication Date

Spring 2020

Program Name

Nepal: Development, Gender, and Social Change in the Himalaya


This research explores the ways in which non-state actors have responded to the COVID-19 pandemic in Nepal and the needs present in the months before drastic increases in cases began on May 11th. In doing so, it describes how social and political inequality within Nepal has caused people experiencing the most need to be left out of early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic relief effort. This research includes a literature review which situates Nepal amidst the global pandemic as well as interviews with non-state actors currently responding in Nepal. It finds that migrant workers, daily wage earners, Dalits, Janajati/Adivasi peoples, and stateless people are experiencing the most need. The greatest need experienced due to the government lockdowns has been for food security. With this, it was found that non-state actors currently responding are challenged by a lack of communication with the Government of Nepal and a lack of population data available.


Asian Studies | Emergency and Disaster Management | Epidemiology | Food Security | Inequality and Stratification | Public Administration | Social Justice | South and Southeast Asian Languages and Societies | Virus Diseases


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