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Macalester College

Publication Date

Fall 2021

Program Name

Rwanda: Post-Genocide Restoration and Peacebuilding


Landmine contamination negatively impacts the health, safety, and economic potential of the affected community. As such, removal of landmines, or demining, is an essential part of post-conflict recovery. Tied to this idea, is the idea of mine action, which goes beyond just demining to include other measures such as education and assistance to help the communities impacted by mines. This study looks at the application of the principles of mine action in Rwanda, a country which saw landmines used during the civil war and 1994 Genocide Against the Tutsi. From there, the study explores possible connections between mine action and the reconstruction and reconciliation process based on answers from military and civilian interviewees. Finally, because Rwanda successfully removed all landmines and was declared mine-free, the study examines potential factors that contribute to this success that could be applied to the other countries which are still contaminated with landmines.


African History | African Languages and Societies | African Studies | Defense and Security Studies | Peace and Conflict Studies | Politics and Social Change | Social Justice


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