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Carleton College

Publication Date

Fall 2021

Program Name

Tanzania: Wildlife Conservation and Political Ecology


The primary objective of this study was to investigate the impact of wetland-adjacent land use on avian species richness and abundance areas surrounding Mabamba Swamp, Uganda. Four types of land use were investigated: Eucalyptus plantations, wetland-edge agricultural fields, residential areas, and mature secondary forests. A total of 40-morning point counts were conducted for ten days in late November and late December of 2021. One-way ANOVA tests and Tukey’s HSD tests revealed significant differences in mean avian richness and abundance between all sites except residential areas and Nkima Forest. Additionally, Nkima Forest was found to contain the most number of specialist species. Findings indicate that habitat complexity is an important driver of avian richness and that Eucalyptus plantations and monoculture agricultural fields significantly limit local avian biodiversity. Findings have the potential to inform the conservation and regulation of wetland-adjacent resource use.


African Studies | Biodiversity | Bioinformatics | Environmental Indicators and Impact Assessment | Forest Sciences | Fresh Water Studies | Ornithology


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