Home Institution

Columbia University

Publication Date

Spring 2023

Program Name

Switzerland: International Studies and Multilateral Diplomacy


The increasing political and economic influence of China represents a pivotal point within international relations. This paper aims to explore the implications of this global power shift on Saudi Arabia’s attempted economic reforms. The Kingdom’s reliance on oil has created an unsustainable economic model, and this model is intrinsically linked to Saudi Arabia’s relationship with the United States. Its growing relationship with China could create change. As such, this paper analyzes the intersection of economics and security in relation to the Saudi Vision 2030. I argue that, not only does China serve as an important source of the investment necessary to diversify the Saudi economy, its connectivity-based approach to security could ultimately allow Saudi Arabia to reallocate funds towards much-needed reform. This paper contributes to the literature on the economic and political implications of the global power shift, specifically its secondary effects on a country in transition.


Economic Policy | International Business | International Economics | International Relations | Near and Middle Eastern Studies | Oil, Gas, and Energy


Article Location