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Bates College

Publication Date

Fall 2009

Program Name

Indonesia: Balinese Arts & Social Change


Many would say that the environment and human culture consists of an evolutionary process, complete with necessary adaptations to current situations and the availability of resources. However, religion is usually thought to be a constant, an entity that grounds the individual believer in a “truth” that transcends time. Ultimately, the boundary between culture and religion is especially hard to decipher, particularly in the daily rituals of the Balinese. While religious beliefs are often rooted in history, they too transform through inevitable reinterpretation. The following paper describes the tremendous environmental and cultural impact of the controversial turtle trade in Bali, specifically in regards to the use of turtle in religious ritual. -- excerpt from introduction


Anthropology | Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion | Social and Cultural Anthropology


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