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Washington and Lee University

Publication Date

Fall 2010

Program Name

Morocco: Migration and Transnational Identity


Since independence, the Moroccan government has pursued a slow, controlled process of decentralization. While recognizing the benefits of local authority, the government does not wish to empower sub-national groups against the central monarchy or diminish its own relevance as the symbolic and administrative face of the nation. Subsequently, in many regions, local and community structures have only experienced limited access to political management. Furthermore, local administrations that rely on the central government for capital are directly subject to the wishes of the state. In regions where heavy outflows of migration are present, though, decentralization moves at a faster pace, free from the restrictive leash of the central authority in Rabat. Through remittances, local economic growth, and the mobilization of sub-national populations, migrant-sending zones are granted the tools necessary to pursue their interests independently, filling in where the central government fails to act.


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