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This report details an adaptation for the ESL classroom of the Fitzergerald Key, a method of language education for the deaf which utilizes question words to organize vocabulary development and to visualize the regularities of word order in English. The modified Key is a visual means of silent communication shared between teacher and students which utilizes a board and three kinds of manipulatives: squares marked with question words to indicate the 8 slots of an English transitive sentence; cubes which give common modulators of meaning and frequent pro-forms; and vocabulary cards. The methodology used is "commanding verbalizations", i.e, commands with "tell" and "ask" to cue student verbalization in all six sentence modalities; the statement, yes-no interrogation, request for specification of a constituent (wh-questions), negation, the imperative, and modal suggestion.


Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education | Curriculum and Instruction | First and Second Language Acquisition | Teacher Education and Professional Development