Publication Date


Degree Name

Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT)

First Advisor

Mary M. Clark

Second Advisor

Elizabeth Tannenbaum


This project is a teaching tool to be used in the ESL classroom. It consists of six large (30" x 20") multicolored charts. Each charts focuses on a particular "operator" verb in English ("be," "do," or the modals) and shows the role the operator plays in the grammatical transformations of question formation and negation. The student can actually see how the same sentence changes from the statement to the question form and from affirmative to negative. In addition to the charts themselves, the project includes a written description of the charts, suggestions for using them in the classroom, and tables presenting grammatical data and vocabulary breakdown for each chart.


Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education | First and Second Language Acquisition | Syntax